Day 2 :
Senshu University, Japan
Time : 09:30-10:15
Hirokazu Osada is a Professor at Department of Psychology, Senshu University, Japan. As a certified Clinical Psychologist, he has a long professional career of conducting early intervention/family intervention for children with neurodevelopmental disorders, especially for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and ADHD. He also applied brief psychotherapy (solution focused brief therapy) especially for adolescents with ASD. As a researcher, he has mainly used an epidemiological method for screening target disorders in general population. Also, he has been using qualitative approach, when he conducts research for generating hypothesis in his target population. His other interest is focused on Trans-cultural Psychiatry.
Statement of the Problem: According to a nationwide school survey (elementary and junior high schools) by MEXT (the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) in 2012, homeroom teachers reported that 6.5% of pupils in regular classes might have neurodevelopmental disorders (i.e. Autism Spectrum Disorder; ASD, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; ADHD, and/or Specific Learning Disorder; SLD). As students being older, the rates gradually lessened. About 38.6% of them, who were regarded as having neurodevelopmental disorders by homeroom teachers, didn’t have any special supports. 18.4% of the students were recognized as children with special needs; however, 6% of them remained free from any appropriate help. MEXT concluded that all school teachers MUST take training workshops related to neurodevelopmental disorders as soon as possible.
Recent Research: I conducted the first nationwide epidemiological study among teachers, asking about ASD. While MEXT’s survey ask only homeroom teachers, I asked all kinds of teachers (i.e. principal, vice principal, regular class teacher, resource room teacher, special support class teacher, school nurse, and school counselor). To clarify Japanese elementary school teachers’ knowledge of ASD, comparing their knowledge with health care professionals’ knowledge and attitudes of Pakistan. I conducted a simple random sampling and chose 2000 elementary schools from all over Japan. 345 schools (collection rate: 17.25%), total of 1663 participants anonymously responded the questionnaires. To collect demographic data, we asked age, gender, attribution (regular class teacher, resource room, special needs class, school nurse, or other), teaching experience (years), and experience with ASD (Y/N); Asking about the diagnostic criteria of ASD, consisting of 10 characteristic behaviors for diagnosis; General beliefs about ASD, consisting of 22 statements, most of which were common misconceptions about ASD. I would like to present findings of my resent research in my keynote speech.
Conclusion & Significance: Japanese Teachers are certainly endeavoring to improve their knowledge and attitudes to students with ASD. What we need is nationwide increase of “Mental Health Literacy of ASD.” In Japan, although there are NPOs (or NGOs) or other organizations, which support children with ASD and their family, they don’t have strong impact to “Japanese general populations.” For instance, “Autism Speaks” can be one of the best models. I dare to say as my personal “delusion dream,” if “Autism Speaks Japan” were established in Japan, mental literacy of ASD would dramatically increase among Japanese general populations. For the sake of it, not only researchers, related mental health professionals, and/or advocates but also policy makers should try to approach stakeholders to establish more powerful organizations to support and empower children with ASD and their family for brilliant future in Japan.
Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey
Time : 10:15-11:00
Digdem M Siyez is a Professor in the Department of Counseling and Guidance at the Dokuz Eylul University in Turkey. She received her PhD in Counseling and Guidance at the Dokuz Eylul University. Her current research interests include Sexual Health, Gender, Adolescence Development and Prevention.
Statement of the Problem: Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility is more pervasive in developing countries than developed countries. It is observed that studies on the level of knowledge about infertility in Turkey are very limited and these studies were carried out in small samples. The aim of this research was to examine the knowledge levels of university students on infertility.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Participants were 9693 Bachelor’s students (51.6% female, 48.4% male) from 21 universities in Turkey. The data was collected via Infertility Knowledge Test which is developed by the researchers. The responses to the Infertility Knowledge Test, which consists of 33 items, are marked as "true", "false" and "do not know".
Findings: An important finding obtained from this study was 68.4% of the respondents knew that women’s fertility potential decreased after age 40 compared to 20 years old, while 10% of the participants knew that sperm quality in men deteriorated with age and 23.6% of the participants knew that age was a determining factor in male infertility. The majority of participants knew that smoking, drugs and exposure to heavy chemicals could cause infertility. More than half of the participants didn’t know that timing of sexual intercourse and being extremely weak could cause infertility.
Conclusion & Significance: It can be said that the participants' knowledge level about infertility was low and participants were not aware of some of the preventable risk factors related to infertility. For this reason, it is recommended that awareness raising activities should be undertaken
Ain Shams University, Egypt
Keynote: Violence and our children
Time : 11:15-12:00
Eman A Zaky is a Professor of General, Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics, and Clinical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. She is the Co-founder and current Head of Child Psychiatry Clinic, Children's Hospital, Ain Shams University. She has completed her MS, MD, and PhD degrees in Pediatrics from Ain Shams University while she has completed her DPP from the conjoint board of United Medical and Dental Schools of London and Ain Shams University, Faculty of Medicine. She has special interest and experience in Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Clinical Genetics. She is an Editorial Board Member and a Reviewer of many international journals and a member of many national and international specialized societies and associations in her fields of interest and expertise.
Violence is around us everywhere. It is a very challenging issue that needs to be adequately addressed, explored and understood. In the vicious terrifying circuit of violence, children and adolescents could be witnesses, victims, and/or perpetrators. Violent behavior of any individual is a very serious and alarming sign whatever the age of the violent person is and it must be early and efficiently recognized and dealt with to avoid unrepairable consequences. Children and adolescents are the future of any community and it is advisable to raise them in a biopsychosocial healthy environment to secure their journey to adulthood. Creating awareness about the importance of minimizing the exposure of youth to violence at home, school and neighborhood as well as in the media is crucial to reduce the increasing prevalence of violence all over the world. Early recognition of violent behavior with implementation of early intervention modalities is the cornerstone of prevention of this dangerous pattern of behavior and its catastrophic consequences.